Archive for Blog Posts’ Category

The effects of gluten in children with ASD
Jan

11

2017

The effects of gluten in children with ASD

The gluten-free, casein-free (GFCF) diet is an alternative intervention that has been extensively used with children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The GFCF diet involves the elimination of all foods containing gluten or casein (proteins found in wheat or barley products and dairy products, respectively). The intervention’s popularity is largely due to the ease of implementing it into the child’s (and family’s) day-to-day routine, the…

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The Psychology of Happiness
Oct

24

2016

The Psychology of Happiness

Have you ever thought about what makes you happy? Considered why the things that used to make you happy might not anymore? Or maybe you have wondered why the things that make you happy aren’t the same things that make your friends and family happy?  The psychology behind happiness has an immense amount of research backing it – but for some reason happiness is still seen…

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Neurofeedback versus stimulant medication: Who is the winner?
Mar

30

2016

Neurofeedback versus stimulant medication: Who is the winner?

ADHD is commonly combated with medication and this is because pharmaceutical methods have historically been considered the only efficacious treatment for this disorder. However neurofeedback has recently emerged as a complementary or even alternative treatment to medication. By training the patient to increase or decrease certain levels of cortical activation, symptoms of inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity can be effectively decreased on a long-term basis with…

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Depression and anxiety in young people: How effective are preventative efforts?
Mar

8

2016

Depression and anxiety in young people: How effective are preventative efforts?

Depression and anxiety are very common in young people. Due to the nature of the two disorders, children and adolescents who experience depression often experience anxiety as well, and vice versa. Depression and anxiety tend to persist once established and impact negatively on one’s quality of life. Thus, it is important to focus on preventing depression and anxiety early on, such as in school settings….

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Neurofeedback as a treatment for epilepsy
Mar

5

2016

Neurofeedback as a treatment for epilepsy

Sterman and Thompson have recently detailed how epilepsy can be effectively treated with neurofeedback therapy, with some patients resistant to anti seizure medication experiencing significant reductions in seizure frequency and intensity after this non-invasive treatment. Sterman, a guru of neurofeedback and an innovative researcher in this field, originally studied EEG patterns in cats. He discovered the animals could be trained with a food reward to…

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Neurofeedback may improve cognitive flexibility in children with epilepsy
Mar

2

2016

Neurofeedback may improve cognitive flexibility in children with epilepsy

Neurofeedback is a non-pharmacological therapy used for the treatment and long-term management of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Among children with ADHD, studies have shown neurofeedback provides a sustained effect and is effective in improving executive function. Improvements in executive function can have downstream positive consequences on cognitive flexibility – that is, being mentally flexible and organising one’s behaviour to solve problems. Neurofeedback may be…

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It is better for children with learning disabilities to be exposed to auditory (rather than visual) reinforcement during neurofeedback
Mar

2

2016

It is better for children with learning disabilities to be exposed to auditory (rather than visual) reinforcement during neurofeedback

Neurofeedback using a reinforcer is useful in treating children with learning disabilities. Here, neurofeedback aims to increase EEG alpha activity and decrease theta activity. Visual reinforcement (e.g. a white square presented when eyes are open) is often used during neurofeedback. This seems logical as vision often has an advantage over other senses in environments and thus visual dominance emergences, because the visual system is less…

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Neurofeedback: A potential treatment option for Tourette Syndrome
Mar

2

2016

Neurofeedback: A potential treatment option for Tourette Syndrome

Neurofeedback is increasingly used in various neuropsychiatric disorders. It aims to modify mental processes (in particular cognition) and thereby positively impact on disorder-specific symptoms. A review by Farkas and colleagues (2015) proposes that neurofeedback can be potentially used in the treatment of Gilles-de-la Tourette Syndrome (GTS). This is important as GTS is characterised by multiple rapid and non-rhythmic motor and vocal productions, which can only…

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New Studies Suggest Fidgeting Is Related to Improved Cognitive Performance in Children and Adolscents with ADHD
Nov

17

2015

New Studies Suggest Fidgeting Is Related to Improved Cognitive Performance in Children and Adolscents with ADHD

Contemporary research has suggested that the tendency of children and adolescents with ADHD to fidget may be beneficial and could be associated with an improvement in cognitive performance. Researchers at the UC Mind Institute explored the relationship between movement and cognitive performance in children and adolescents with ADHD. The study explored the intensity and frequency of movement while  performing cognitive tasks. The study comprised of…

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Research Indicates that ADHD Medication Can Disrupt Sleeping Patterns
Nov

17

2015

Research Indicates that ADHD Medication Can Disrupt Sleeping Patterns

ADHD is one of the most prevalent disorders affecting school aged children. The most common treatment for ADHD is stimulant medications such as methylphenidate hydrochloride. However, research has indicated that the use of stimulant medication is linked to an array of adverse side effects. Research has revealed that children with ADHD who were being treated with methylphenidate experience sleep disruption including a significant reduction in…

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