Communication disorders are characterized by persistent difficulty with verbal and nonverbal communication that cannot be explained by low cognitive ability. They include problems related to speech, language and auditory processing that impair individual’s language ability, speaking, hearing, and normal communication with others. Children with communication disorders often struggle with reading, have difficulty understanding and expressing language, misunderstand social cues, show poor judgment, and struggle academically. Young children with communication disorders may have a limited vocabulary for their age or not speak at all, while others may have difficulty understanding simple directions or naming objects. School-aged children may have difficulty understanding and formulating words, and teenagers may experience difficulty understanding or expressing abstract ideas. In general, communication disorders limit effective communication, social relationships, academic achievement, and occupational performance.
What is a Communication Disorder?
According to the DSM5, communication disorders include: Language Disorders: Language abilities that are substantially below those expected for age, resulting in limited communication, social participation, academic achievement or occupational performance, and persistent difficulties in the acquisition and use of language including: